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Completed Projects:

Case Studies in Innovation District Planning and Development, Dustin Read, July 2016

Many municipal governments, real estate practitioners and nonprofit organizations throughout the U.S. have invested in the development of innovation districts in recent years to promote the formation and growth of knowledge-intensive businesses. This approach to economic development operates under the assumption that entrepreneurship and innovation can be stimulated by creating an environment that satisfies the space needs of companies in different lifecycle stages, while simultaneously encouraging their employees to engage in formal and informal interactions facilitating the exchange of ideas. Innovation district investments are expected to yield substantial returns in terms of economic diversification, job growth and the commercialization of new ideas in post-industrial cities, where competitive advantage often stems from product and process improvements made possible by collaboration. 

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This report describes the results from a survey of Virginia real estate appraisers.  The survey was conducted by the Virginia Center for Housing Research and the Virginia Tech Program in Real Estate in the spring of 2014 and focused on fees paid for residential real estate appraisals in Virginia in 2013.  The survey was conducted in response to recent amendments to the Truth in Lending Act modified by the Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (also known as Dodd-Frank) that require lenders to pay appraisers a “customary and reasonable fee” for residential appraisal services in their geographic market.  Prior to the release of this report, no data existed that defined ‘customary and reasonable’ residential real estate appraisal fees in Virginia.  Dodd-Frank suggests that university research can serve as the basis for establishing local market standards.  The legislation defines a customary and reasonable fee as a fee that would be received for “comparable appraisal services performed in the geographic market of the property being appraised.”

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